SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: University of Miami - Miami, FL, Kona, Oahu and Maui, HI
The dried fruits of this species are used as a flavoring in a wide range of foods and an essential oil obtained from the leaves, called pimento leaf oil, is used in perfumery, especially in fragrances and after-shave lotions. It is a smaller, evergreen tree with whitish, mottled, peeling bark. Allspice is derived from the dried, fully grown but unripe fruit, and the foliage also is fragrant when crushed. It is called allspice because it tastes and smells like a combination of cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves. Pimenta dioica has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 7 (High Risk).
Has fragrant Fruit.
Native to Southern Mexico to Northern South America and the Caribean.
Additional Common Names
ALLSPICE, PIMENTO, MYRTLE PEPPER, JAMAICA PIMENTO, JAMAICA PEPPER, PIMENTA
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 - 60 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Lanceolate to Oblong, Bronze or Purple or Reddish, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. White. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has separate male and female reproductive parts on the same tree (monoecious).
Prolific, Purple Berry, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer.
Bark Brown and Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist but Well Drained Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Medium.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Leaf Rust caused by Puccinia psidii, Canker casued by fungus Ceratocystis fimbriata.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Special Uses & Values
Shade Tree, Stree Tree, Xerophytic.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pimenta dioica Tree Record." 1995-2021. May 13, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pimenta-dioica >