SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Shasta Trinity National Forest, CA
Used as bonsai plant.
Native to High elevations in California.
A Pinus balfouriana in Shasta Trinity National Forest is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 78 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 261 inches and a crown spread of 31 feet.
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 50 feet.
Width: 20 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Glossy Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.
Bark Red Brown, Furrowed or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 7 and 15 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Armillaria and Rust.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus balfouriana Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 20, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-balfouriana >