SelecTree: Tree Detail

Pinus balfouriana

Pinus balfouriana Pinus balfouriana

Photo Locations: Sequoia National Park

General Notes

Used as bonsai plant.

Native to High elevations in California.

A Pinus balfouriana in Sequoia National Park is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 71 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 323 inches and a crown spread of 45 feet.

Family: Pinaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.

Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 50 feet.

Width: 20 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Needle, Glossy Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.

Bark Red Brown, Furrowed or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 7 and 15 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Armillaria and Rust.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Squirrels.

Not Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values



Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus balfouriana Tree Record." 1995-2019. Feb 23, 2019.
< >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at