SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Native to Nova Scotia and Northeastern United States.
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 - 70 feet.
Width: 10 - 15 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Yellow, Purple or Mostly Green Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.
Bark Dark Brown or Orange, Furrowed or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 2; A1 - A3.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids and Beetle Borers, Armillaria and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus banksiana Tree Record." 1995-2019. Mar 19, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-banksiana >