SelecTree: Tree Detail
CANARY ISLAND PINE
Photo Locations: Huntington Botanical Gardens - San Marino, CA, Alameda Plazas - Santa Barbara, CA, Santa Maria, CA, Beverly Hills, CA and Santa Barbara City College
Resistant to Oak Root Fungus.
Native to Canary Islands of Spain.
A Pinus canariensis in Orange is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 82 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 162 inches and a crown spread of 81 feet.
Erect or Weeping and requires ample growing space.
Columnar or Conical Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 50 - 80 feet.
Width: 20 - 35 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Blue Green or Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter.
Bark Red Brown, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 8, 9, and 12 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers and Spider Mites, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Sooty Mold and Pitch Canker.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus canariensis Tree Record." 1995-2019. May 26, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-canariensis >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI