SelecTree: Tree Detail
SWISS STONE PINE
Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Slow growth makes this tree useful as a bonsai. Resistant to white pine blister rust.
Native to the mountains of central Europe.
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Conical or Rounded Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 50 - 70 feet.
Width: 20 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter.
Bark Dark Brown or Light Green, Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 7 and 10.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium and White Pine Blister Rust. Susceptible to Aphids, Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus cembra Tree Record." 1995-2019. May 26, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-cembra >