SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Santa Fe Botanic Garden - Santa Fe, NM, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and Tilden Regional Parks Botanical Garden - Berkeley, CA
Drought resistant. A major source of edible pine nuts for both widlife and humans. Can grow much taller in its native habitat.
Native to Western United States.
Pinus cembroides subsp. edulis
Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Rounded or Vase Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 25 - 35 feet.
Width: 20 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Yellow Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.
Bark Light Gray or Red Brown, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 11 and 14 - 21.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids and Scales, Armillaria and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus edulis Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 22, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-edulis >