SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Cuesta College - San Luis Obispo, CA, UC Davis Arboretum - Davis, CA, Los Angeles, CA and San Antonio Botanic Garden - San Antonio, TX
Drought resistant. Thrives in hot dry climates and poor soils.
Native to Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Northern Iran and Northern Iraq.
Pinus brutia var. eldarica
Additional Common Names
MONDELL PINE, CALABRIAN PINE
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 - 80 feet.
Width: 15 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown, Yellow or Mostly Green Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter Wildlife use it.
Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 6 - 9 and 12 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus eldarica Tree Record." 1995-2019. May 26, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-eldarica >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI