SelecTree: Tree Detail
WESTERN WHITE PINE
Photo Locations: Washington Park Arboretum - Seattle, WA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA, Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Tilden Regional Park - Berkeley, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Susceptible to White Pine Blister Rust.
Native to High elevations in California and the Western United States.
A Pinus monticola in Yosemite National Park is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 128 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 324 inches and a crown spread of 54 feet.
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 60 - 80 feet.
Width: 20 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Blue Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Purple Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter or Summer.
Bark Dark Brown, Light Gray, Light Green or Purple, Furrowed or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 7.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Mountain Pine Beetle and Beetle Borers, Armillaria, Root Rot, Rust and White Pine Blister Rust.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus monticola Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 25, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-monticola >