SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: San Luis Obispo, CA and The National Arboretum - Washington, DC
Utility friendly tree.
A slow growing species of two-needle pine that can reach taller heights in its native habitat. Branches don't droop and resist breakage.
Has fragrant Leaf.
Native to High elevations in Europe.
Additional Common Names
MUGO PINE, SWISS MOUNTAIN PINE
Conical or Rounded Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 15 - 25 feet.
Width: 15 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.
Leaves Needle, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Persistent, Brown Cone, Medium to Large (0.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.
Bark Brown, Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense to Very Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 11 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 7.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Well Drained Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Nematodes, Weevil, Mites, Scales, Caterpillars, Beetle Borers, Spittle Bug and Pine Moth., Armillaria, Needle Cast, Tip Blight and Rust.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Special Uses & Values
Container, Buffer Strip or Screen.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus mugo Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 25, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-mugo >