SelecTree: Tree Detail
AUSTRIAN BLACK PINE
Photo Locations: Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA, and Albuquerque BioPark - Rio Grande Botanic Garden
Resistant to oak root fungus. Adapts to many soil conditions making it a good tree for urban settings.
Native to Mediterranean Region.
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 40 - 60 feet.
Width: 25 - 35 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter.
Bark Dark Gray or Light Green, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 2 - 10 and 14 - 21; A3.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland and on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus nigra Tree Record." 1995-2019. Feb 23, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-nigra >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI