SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: UC Davis Arboretum - Davis, CA, Leaning Pine Arboretum - Cal Poly San Luis Obispo, CA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gardens - Claremont, CA
Very drought resistant.
Native to California.
A Pinus sabiniana in Bright Star Wilderness is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 118 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 204 inches and a crown spread of 86 feet.
Additional Common Names
DIGGER PINE, GRAY PINE
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 60 - 70 feet.
Width: 15 - 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.
Leaves Needle, Gray Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Purple or Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.
Bark Black or Dark Brown, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 3 - 10 and 14 - 21.
USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, California Five Spined Engraver Beetle and IPS, Pitch Canker, Mistletoe, Western Gall Rust and Armillaria.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus sabiniana Tree Record." 1995-2019. Jun 26, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-sabiniana >