SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, UC Santa Cruz Arboretum - Santa Cruz, CA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Slow growing in seedling stage. Cultivar 'Nana' makes a good hedge, growing to a mere 7 feet.
Native to Eastern North America.
Additional Common Names
WHITE PINE, EASTERN WHITE PINE
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 50 - 80 feet.
Width: 25 - 35 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Blue Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Cone, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.
Bark Dark Brown, Dark Gray, Light Gray or Purple, Furrowed or Ridged.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 6.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Medium in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids and Beetle Borers, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Rust and White Pine Blister Rust.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus strobus Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 22, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-strobus >