SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and The National Arboretum - Washington, DC
Used as Christmas trees. Tree becomes flat-topped with age. Dwarf and weeping forms available. Dwarf varieties 'Nana' and 'Watereri' grow to 12 feet.
Native to Europe and Asia.
Erect and requires ample growing space.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 - 70 feet.
Width: 25 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Needle, Blue Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. . Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Gray Cone, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Winter.
Bark Light Gray, Orange or Red Brown, Furrowed or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 9 and 14 - 21.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Fusarium, Armillaria, Phytophthora and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pinus sylvestris Tree Record." 1995-2019. Mar 19, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pinus-sylvestris >