SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Koko Crater Botanical Garden - Honolulu, HI, Kona and Oahu, HI and San Diego Botanic Garden - Encinitas, CA
Utility friendly tree.
This popular small tree or large shrub, native to Mexico and Central America, is widely grown on all Pacific Islands for its many-colored fragrant flowers, which are popular as leis. They were frequently planted in graveyards after being introduced to the Islands in the mid-19th Century. Plumeria rubra has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -5 (Low Risk), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/plumeria-rubra/.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Central and South America.
Plumeria rubra f. acutifolia
Additional Common Names
FRANGIPANI, TEMPLE TREE, NOSEGAY FRANGIPANI, PLUMERIA
Rounded or Vase Shape.
Has Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 20 feet.
Width: 20 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Leaves Oblong to Oblanceolate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Partly Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant Pink or Red. Flowers in Spring, Summer or Fall. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Persistent, Brown Capsule, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Spring, Summer or Fall.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as out of Leaf.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 12 - 13, 19 and 21 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Scales, Caterpillars and Nematodes, Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Special Uses & Values
Specimen, Buffer Strip, Container or Street Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Plumeria rubra Tree Record." 1995-2021. May 14, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/plumeria-rubra >