SelecTree: Tree Detail

FALSE ASHOKA
Polyalthia longifolia

Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia Polyalthia longifolia

Photo Locations: Foster Botanical Garden - Honolulu, HI and University of Hawaii

General Notes

In addition to being grown as an ornamental tree, the wavy-margined leaves of the false Ashoka are used for decoration during festivals. In India and Sri Lanka, the wood is used in the manufacturing of pencils, matchsticks, and small boxes. The oil of the seed has medicinal properties. Polyalthia longifolia has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -4 (Low Risk) and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/polyalthia-longifolia-var-pendula/

Has fragrant Leaf.

Native to Southern India and Sri Lanka.

Family: Annonaceae

Additional Common Names

MAST TREE, FALSE ASHOKA

Tree Characteristics

Columnar or Conical Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 50 - 70 feet.

Width: 20 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.

Leaves Lanceolate, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. green. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Reddish Black Capsule, Very Small to Small (Under 0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Spring Wildlife use it.

Bark Gray to Brown, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist but Well Drained Soil.

Loam Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Low.

Seaside Tolerance is Low.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Mammals.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Street Tree.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Polyalthia longifolia Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/polyalthia-longifolia >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.