SelecTree: Tree Detail

Populus alba

Populus alba Populus alba Populus alba Populus alba Populus alba Populus alba Populus alba Populus alba Populus alba

Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR and Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA

General Notes

Widely adapted plant, suckers readily. Underside of leaf is white. Hardy to minus 20 F.

Native to Europe.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Salicaceae

Additional Common Names


Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.

Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 40 - 70 feet.

Width: 40 - 60 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 40 to 150 years.

Leaves Lobed and Palmate, Medium Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Brown Capsule, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer.

Bark Striking, Black or Light Gray, Furrowed or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit and Twigs.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 11 and 14 - 21; A3.

USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun.

Wet to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland and on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids and Thrip, Anthracnose, Canker, Crown Rot, Mistletoe and Sooty Mold.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak.

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values



Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Populus alba Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jun 25, 2018.
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