SelecTree: Tree Detail

CHILEAN MESQUITE
Prosopis chilensis

Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis Prosopis chilensis

Photo Locations: UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, San Diego Botanic Garden - Encinitas, CA and Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA

General Notes

This tree, native to South America, is fast-growing with low moisture requirements. Plain variety has thorns but thornless variety available.

Native to Chile.

Family: Fabaceae

Additional Common Names

CHILEAN MESQUITE, ALGARROBO

Tree Characteristics

Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 30 feet.

Width: 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Dark Green, Bronze, Gold or No Change, Deciduous.

Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Brown Pod, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer Edible.

Bark Dark Gray, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 10 - 13; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun.

Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Neutral to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

None Known Health Hazard.

Attracts Birds.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prosopis chilensis Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 22, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prosopis-chilensis >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI