SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Desert Botanical Garden - Phoenix, AZ, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, San Diego Botanic Garden - Encinitas, CA and Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA
This tree, native to South America, is fast-growing with low moisture requirements. Plain variety has thorns but thornless variety available.
Native to Chile.
Additional Common Names
CHILEAN MESQUITE, ALGARROBO
Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 30 feet.
Width: 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Dark Green, Bronze, Gold or No Change, Deciduous.
Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Pod, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer Edible.
Bark Dark Gray, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 10 - 13; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Neutral to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
None Known Health Hazard.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prosopis chilensis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jun 5, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prosopis-chilensis >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI