SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Kona and Oahu, HI
This plant is weedy. We do not recommend planting it in Hawai’i.
This tree, which is native to coastal South America, is naturalized in a number of places throughout the world, including Hawai'i. In Hawai'i, gardeners and foresters no longer plant it, yet it is common in coastal areas on the dry leeward sides of all the major islands. All the individuals in Hawai’i are said to descend from one tree, which was planted in front of the Catholic Mission in downtown Honolulu in 1828. Kiawe’s hard wood makes excellent charcoal and the flowers are a source of nectar for honey. Prosopis pallida has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 20 (High Risk).
Native to Souith America.
Additional Common Names
KIAWE, KEAWE, ALGAROBA, MESQUITE, HUARANGO, AMERICAN CAROB
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 20 - 45 feet.
Width: 20 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Bipinnately Compound, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Green or Yellow. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Yellowish Brown Legume, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer.
Bark Reddish Brown, Scaly, Smooth or Striated.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Twigs.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Medium.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Kiawe Roundheaded Borer, Placosternus crinicornis.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prosopis pallida Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prosopis-pallida >