SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: The Living Desert - Palm Desert, CA
Smaller tree than P. glandulosa. Handsome desert shade tree with proper pruning and age.
Native to Arizona, Texas, and Mexico.
Prosopis juliflora var. velutina
Prosopis chilensis var. velutina
Additional Common Names
VELVET MESQUITE, ARIZONA MESQUITE
Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 30 feet.
Width: 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Gray Green or Medium Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.
Yellow. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Pod, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Fall Edible.
Bark Dark Brown or Red Brown, Exfoliating, Furrowed or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 10 - 13 and 18 - 24.
Exposure Full Sun.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Neutral to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
None Known Health Hazard.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prosopis velutina Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 22, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prosopis-velutina >