SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Balboa Park - San Diego, CA and Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA
Utility friendly tree.
A desirable wildlife plant for the landscape.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to North America.
Additional Common Names
WILD PLUM, AMERICAN PLUM
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 15 - 25 feet.
Width: 10 - 15 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Less than 50 years.
Leaves Ovate, Dark Green, Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Purple, Red or Yellow Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer Edible.
Bark Black or Dark Brown, Exfoliating or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 3 and 10.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers, Caterpillars and Spider Mites, Armillaria, Rust, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus americana Tree Record." 1995-2019. Mar 19, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-americana >