SelecTree: Tree Detail

Prunus avium

Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium Prunus avium

Photo Locations: Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL

General Notes

Needs good drainage. Cross pollination usually necessary for fruiting. Prunus avium plena is the double flowering form.

Has fragrant Flower.

Native to Mediterranean Region.

Family: Rosaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded or Spreading Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 50 - 70 feet.

Width: 20 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Oblong to Ovate, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Fragrant Pink or White. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Black, Purple, Red or Yellow Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Spring or Summer Edible.

Bark Dark Brown or Red Brown, Furrowed or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 2, 6 - 7 and 14 - 15.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Caterpillars, Scales and Spider Mites, Brown Rot, Crown Rot, Gummosis, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot, Rust, Sooty Mold, Verticillium and Virus.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Attracts Birds and Bees.

Deer Palatable.

Special Uses & Values


Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus avium Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
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