SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Nipomo, CA, UC Davis Arboretum - Davis, CA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, Quail Botanic Garden - Encinitas, CA and Tilden Regional Parks Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA
A common pest is white flies.
Native to Coastal Southern California.
A Prunus ilicifolia in Dunsmuir Hellman Historic Estate in Oakland is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 42 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 75 inches and a crown spread of 47 feet.
Compact and Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 10 - 30 feet.
Width: 10 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Lanceolate to Ovate and Hollylike, Glossy Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. Cream or White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Purple or Red Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer Edible.
Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 5 - 9 and 12 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to White Flies, Aphids and Caterpillars, Armillaria, Root Rot, Rust, Sooty Mold, Verticillium and Virus.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus ilicifolia Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 25, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-ilicifolia >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI