SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, Sacramento State University - Sacramento, CA, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Fruit used for making cherry brandy. Wood used for furniture. Tree is used as a rootstock for cherries. Prunus serotina salicifolia is resistant to oak root fungus. All parts of this tree, except for fruit without the seed, contain a chemical that is poisonous.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Eastern North America.
Additional Common Names
BLACK CHERRY, RUM CHERRY
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 50 - 60 feet.
Width: 25 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Elliptic to Ovate, Dark Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Black or Purple Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer Wildlife use it.
Bark Dark Brown, Red Brown, Dark Gray or Light Gray, Furrowed or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 2, 6 - 7 and 14 - 15.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Caterpillars, Armillaria, Canker, Crown Rot, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot and Rust.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Poisonous Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Prunus serotina Tree Record." 1995-2019. Jan 22, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/prunus-serotina >