SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Kona, HI, LA County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, UC Riverside Arboretum - Riverside, CA, Disneyland - Anaheim, CA and San Diego Botanic Garden - Encinitas, CA
Utility friendly tree.
This plant is weedy. We do not recommend planting it in Hawai’i.
These small fruit trees, which are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, are naturalized in wet areas throughout the Islands. The wood is used for the smoking of meat, and the leaves and bark have been used in traditional medicine in its native range to treat inflammation, diabetes, hypertension, wounds, pain, fever, and diarrhea. Guava is an edible fruit and can be eaten raw or cooked. Many different cultivars exist with white, pink, and sometimes red flesh and green or yellow skin. Psidium guajava has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 21 (High Risk).
Native to Mexico to northern South America.
Additional Common Names
APPLE GUAVA, GUAVA
Rounded or Vase Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 20 - 25 feet.
Width: 20 - 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Elliptic to Oblong, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. White.. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Yellow Berry, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches) Edible.
Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray, Green, Light Green or Red Brown, Scaly or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 23 - 24; H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Neutral to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
None Known Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Psidium guajava Tree Record." 1995-2021. May 14, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/psidium-guajava >