SelecTree: Tree Detail

COMMON GUAVA
Psidium guajava

Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava Psidium guajava

Photo Locations: Kona, HI, LA County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, UC Riverside Arboretum - Riverside, CA, Disneyland - Anaheim, CA and San Diego Botanic Garden - Encinitas, CA

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

This plant is weedy. We do not recommend planting it in Hawai’i.

These small fruit trees, which are widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, are naturalized in wet areas throughout the Islands. The wood is used for the smoking of meat, and the leaves and bark have been used in traditional medicine in its native range to treat inflammation, diabetes, hypertension, wounds, pain, fever, and diarrhea. Guava is an edible fruit and can be eaten raw or cooked. Many different cultivars exist with white, pink, and sometimes red flesh and green or yellow skin. Psidium guajava has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 21 (High Risk).

Native to Mexico to northern South America.

Family: Myrtaceae

Additional Common Names

APPLE GUAVA, GUAVA

Tree Characteristics

Rounded or Vase Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 20 - 25 feet.

Width: 20 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Elliptic to Oblong, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. White.. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Yellow Berry, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches) Edible.

Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray, Green, Light Green or Red Brown, Scaly or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 23 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Neutral to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in South Coast.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

None Known Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered High.

Attracts Birds.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Psidium guajava Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/psidium-guajava >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.