SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Kona, HI and Foster Botanical Gardens - Honolulu, HI
A popular flowering shade tree and street tree also planted for reforestation in several forest reserves. Narra is a graceful tree with drooping branches that toss in the trade winds. Short-lived flowers usually appear in April or May, and for a day or two the tree is a shimmering mass of fragrant yellow blooms, which then fall off nearly all at once. The curious winged fruit stays on the tree for months. It requires no special care, average garden soil, and ample water until it establishes. Native from Burma to the western Pacific Islands, it is the national tree of the Philippines. Also known as bloodwood and rosewood, it is a valuable timber for furniture making. Its yellow pea-like flowers are followed by flattened one-seeded fruits with a wing-like edge. Timber used for furniture. Pterocarpus indicus has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 4 (Evaluate), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/pterocarpus-indicus/.
Native to Tropical Asia.
Additional Common Names
NARRA, BLOODWOOD, BURMESE ROSEWOOD, AMBOYNA WOOD, MALAY PADAUK, PAPUA NEW GUINEA ROSEWOOD, PHILIPPINE MAHOGANY, ANDAMAN REDWOOD, BURMESE ROSEWOOD, NAR
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 50 - 100 feet.
Width: 50 - 100 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Pinnately Compound, Green, No Change, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Orange. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Few, Green, Large (1.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.
Bark Gray, Exfoliating, Fibrous or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay or Loam Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Medium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Special Uses & Values
Flowering Tree, Street Tree, Shade Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pterocarpus indicus Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pterocarpus-indicus >