SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Cohn Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA and Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT
Many cultivars and edible varieties. Check with local nurseries. Pruning needs lessen as the tree matures.
Native to Central and Eastern Europe and Southwestern Asia.
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Conical or Rounded Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 30 - 50 feet.
Width: 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Oblong to Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Chartreuse, Red or Yellow Pome, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.
Bark Dark Brown or Light Green, Blocky or Furrowed.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 11 and 14 - 18.
USDA Hardiness Zones 2 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Coddling Moths, Mealy Bugs, Psyllid and White Fly, Armillaria, Brown Rot, Canker, Crown Rot, Fire Blight, Fusarium, Phytophthora, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot, Scab and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Special Uses & Values
Espalier or Pleached.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Pyrus communis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/pyrus-communis >