SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: University of Minnesota, UC Davis Arboretum - Davis, CA, Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Branches don't droop and resist breakage. Produces hardwood prized for commercial purposes such as furniture, flooring, and wine and whiskey barrels. Acorns can be ground to make flour.
Native to Eastern North America.
Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Conical or Rounded Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 60 - 100 feet.
Width: 60 - 100 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Leaves Ovate, Green, Red, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Brown. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Acorn, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.
Bark Light Gray, Exfoliating or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 3 and 10.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet but Well Drained Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Leaf Miner, Caterpillars, Borer, Aphids, Scales and Insect Galls, Armillaria, Anthracnose, Canker, Leaf Spot, Powdery Mildew, Root Rot and Chlorosis.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Mammals.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Specimen, Buffer Strip or Shade Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Quercus alba Tree Record." 1995-2020. Feb 27, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/quercus-alba >