SelecTree: Tree Detail
CANYON LIVE OAK
Photo Locations: Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Gardens - Claremont, CA, Tilden Regional Parks Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA, Strybing Arboretum - San Francisco, CA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR
A California native tree. Growing range between South West Oregon and Baja, California.
Native to Southwestern United States.
A Quercus chrysolepis in Angeles National Forest is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 97 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 499 inches and a crown spread of 98 feet.
Additional Common Names
CANYON LIVE OAK, MAUL OAK, GOLDENCUP OAK
Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space.
Rounded or Spreading Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 70 feet.
Width: 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Elliptic and Hollylike, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Acorn, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.
Bark Light Green, Light Gray or Red Brown, Furrowed, Scaly or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 3 - 11 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Goldspotted Oak Borer, Aphids, Caterpillars, Coddling Moths, Insect Galls, California Oak Moth, Pacific Oak Teig Girdler and White Fly, Sudden Oak Death, Crown Rot, Mistletoe, Armillaria and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Not Deer Palatable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Quercus chrysolepis Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jul 11, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/quercus-chrysolepis >