SelecTree: Tree Detail

WATER OAK
Quercus nigra

Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra Quercus nigra

Photo Locations: Louisiana State Arboretum - Ville Platte, LA, Chico, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, UC Berkeley Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR

General Notes

Although deciduous, leaves may remain on tree well into winter. A fast growing, short-lived tree. Branches droop and are susceptible to breakage.

Native to Southeastern United States.

Family: Fagaceae

Tree Characteristics

Rounded Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 50 - 65 feet.

Width: 30 - 40 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year.

Leaves Ovate, Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Brown. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown Acorn, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Gray, Scaly or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 5 - 10 and 12 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet but Well Drained Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Acidic Soil pH.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Insect Galls, Scales, Borer, Caterpillars and Leaf Miner, Armillaria, Root Rot, Canker, Anthracnose, Leaf Spot, Powdery Mildew and Chlorosis.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Mammals.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Shade Tree or Buffer Strip.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Quercus nigra Tree Record." 1995-2018. Dec 18, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/quercus-nigra >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.