SelecTree: Tree Detail
SOUTHERN LIVE OAK
Photo Locations: Stanford University - Palo Alto, CA, Louisiana State University - Baton Rouge, LA, LSU Hilltop Arboretum - Baton Rouge, LA, River Banks Botanical Garden - Columbia, SC, Charleston, SC, Irvine, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA and The National Arboretum - Washington, DC
Underside of leaf is white. Attractive tree. Best in deep, rich soil, but widely adapted except for high elevations.
Native to Southern United States.
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Evergreen to Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 40 - 80 feet.
Width: 60 - 100 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity Greater than 150 years.
Leaves Elliptic to Ovate, Glossy Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen to Partly Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown Acorn, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter.
Bark Black or Dark Brown, Blocky, Furrowed or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 4 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland and Good to Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good to Medium in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Insect Galls, Armillaria, Phytophthora and Root Rot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered High.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Squirrels.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Quercus virginiana Tree Record." 1995-2019. Dec 15, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/quercus-virginiana >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI