SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: San Diego, CA, Santa Cruz, CA and Palomar, CA
African Sumac is a dense shade tree, rather graceful with its arching branches and weeping foliage. It is tough and reliable in dry conditions, though it looks best with regular deep watering. It is susceptible to Texas root rot. It is effective as a screen or windbreak, and as an evergreen specimen. It may require regularly scheduled light top-trimming (but not necessarily shearing) of vigorous top shoots to maintain its height below 25'.
Native to South Africa.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
AFRICAN SUMAC, KAREE
Spreading or Weeping with a Low Canopy.
Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 20 - 30 feet.
Width: 20 - 35 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Trifoliate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Red or Yellow Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall.
Bark Red Brown, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 8, 9 and 12 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Root Rot and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
None Known Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Rhus lancea Tree Record." 1995-2019. Mar 19, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/rhus-lancea >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI