SelecTree: Tree Detail

Rhus lancea

Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea Rhus lancea

Photo Locations: San Diego, CA, Santa Cruz, CA and Palomar, CA

General Notes

African Sumac is a dense shade tree, rather graceful with its arching branches and weeping foliage. It is tough and reliable in dry conditions, though it looks best with regular deep watering. It is susceptible to Texas root rot. It is effective as a screen or windbreak, and as an evergreen specimen. It may require regularly scheduled light top-trimming (but not necessarily shearing) of vigorous top shoots to maintain its height below 25'.

Native to South Africa.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Anacardiaceae

Additional Common Names


Tree Characteristics

Spreading or Weeping with a Low Canopy.

Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 20 - 30 feet.

Width: 20 - 35 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Trifoliate, Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Red or Yellow Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall.

Bark Red Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 8, 9 and 12 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Root Rot and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

None Known Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Special Uses & Values


Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Rhus lancea Tree Record." 1995-2019. Jul 23, 2019.
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SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI