SelecTree: Tree Detail

STAGHORN SUMAC
Rhus typhina

Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina Rhus typhina

Photo Locations: The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL and Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Staghorn Sumac is a very unusual small accent tree, usually as a multi-trunked or low-branching specimen or grouping. It does best in full sun, when it receives moderate moisture, becoming taller in half shade. Its fall coloring is spectacular in cooler climates, and it presents an interesting silhouette in winter with its rather contorted bare branches. It has suckers. It is similar to Rhus glabra but does not have velvety branches. 'Laciniata' has lanceolate, deeply dissected leaves with serrated margins.

Native to Eastern North America.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Anacardiaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Rounded, Umbrella or Vase Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 15 feet.

Width: 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Dark Green, Red, Gold, Orange or Multicolored, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Yellow Green. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Brown or Red Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray or Red Brown, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 1 - 10 and 14 - 17; A1 - A3.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 8.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids and Spider Mites, Root Rot and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Rhus typhina Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 25, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/rhus-typhina >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI