SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR, The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL and Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT
Utility friendly tree.
Staghorn Sumac is a very unusual small accent tree, usually as a multi-trunked or low-branching specimen or grouping. It does best in full sun, when it receives moderate moisture, becoming taller in half shade. Its fall coloring is spectacular in cooler climates, and it presents an interesting silhouette in winter with its rather contorted bare branches. It has suckers. It is similar to Rhus glabra but does not have velvety branches. 'Laciniata' has lanceolate, deeply dissected leaves with serrated margins.
Native to Eastern North America.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.
Rounded, Spreading or Vase Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 15 feet.
Width: 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity Less than 50 years.
Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Dark Green, Red or Orange, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. green. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Brown or Red Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall Wildlife use it.
Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray or Red Brown, Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 10 and 14 - 17; A1 - A3.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Aphids and Spider Mites, Root Rot and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Rhus typhina Tree Record." 1995-2021. May 13, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/rhus-typhina >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI