SelecTree: Tree Detail
TWISTED HANKOW WILLOW
Salix babylonica 'Tortuosa'
Photo Locations: Alameda Plazas and Alice Keck Park Memorial Garden - Santa Barbara, CA, Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA and Hoyt Arboretum - Portland, OR
Needs ample water. Used in oriental gardens. Dormant or dried branches used for flower arrangements.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Salix matsudana 'Tortuosa'
Salix babylonica var. pekinensis 'Tortuosa'
Erect, Spreading or Weeping with a Low Canopy.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 30 - 35 feet.
Width: 25 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 to 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity Less than 50 years.
Leaves Lanceolate to Linear, Medium to Light Green, Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Spring. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Brown Capsule, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), fruiting in Spring or Summer.
Bark Light Green, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Low in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 3 - 11 and 14 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer, Aphids, Beetle Borers, Caterpillars and Spider Mites, Anthracnose, Willow Blight, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Rust and Sooty Mold.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Weak.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Special Uses & Values
Riparian or Screen.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Salix babylonica 'Tortuosa' Tree Record." 1995-2018. Sep 21, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/salix-babylonica-tortuosa >