SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Moanalua Gardens - Honolulu, HI, Kona, Maui and Hilo, HI
Monkeypod is one of the most commonly grown ornamental trees on the Hawaiian Islands. This tree is native to Central America and now grown throughout the tropics for roadside shade and wood for turning bowls and carving. The seeds are strung in leis, and in Central America, the pods are fed to cattle. The fruit pulp is sweet and edible. Samanea saman has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 4 (Evaluate), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/samanea-saman/.
Native to Central America and the Caribbean.
Additional Common Names
MONKEYPOD, SAMAN, RAIN TREE, OHAI
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 30 - 50 feet.
Width: 50 - 100 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Bipinnately Compound, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. Pink. Flowers in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Brown Legume, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter, Spring or Summer Edible.
Bark Brown, Rough or Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 13.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Slightly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate.
Seaside Tolerance is Good.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Caterpillars are mild pest.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Strong.
Root Damage Potential Rated as High.
None Known Health Hazard.
Special Uses & Values
Street Tree, Specimen, Shade.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Samanea saman Tree Record." 1995-2021. Apr 12, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/samanea-saman >