SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Albuquerque BioPark - Rio Grande Botanic Garden
Utility friendly tree.
Takes wet conditions with good drainage.
Native to Western North America.
A Sambucus cerulea in Porterville is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 30 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 136 inches and a crown spread of 38 feet.
Sambucus cerulea var. cerulea
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 10 - 20 feet.
Width: 10 - 20 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity Less than 60 years.
Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd with Oval Leaflets, Light Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Cream or White. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Black or Mostly Blue Berry, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.
Bark Dark Brown, Dark Gray or Light Gray, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 10.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Not Suited.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Susceptible to Beetle Borers, Root Rot and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Weak.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Special Uses & Values
Riparian or Screen.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Sambucus cerulea Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jun 24, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/sambucus-cerulea >