SelecTree: Tree Detail
Utility friendly tree.
Requires ample water with good drainage. Unripe berries, leaves and roots are said to be poisonous.
Native to Western North America.
Additional Common Names
RED COASTAL ELDERBERRY, ALPINE ELDERBERRY
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 5 - 10 feet.
Width: 5 - 10 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year.
Longevity Less than 50 years.
Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Light Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Cream or White. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Red Berry, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.
Bark Dark Brown, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones A2, A3, 1 - 6.
USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 7.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Susceptible to Root Rot and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Weak.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Special Uses & Values
Riparian or Screen.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Sambucus racemosa Tree Record." 1995-2020. Apr 6, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/sambucus-racemosa >