SelecTree: Tree Detail

RED ELDERBERRY
Sambucus racemosa

Sambucus racemosa Sambucus racemosa Sambucus racemosa

Photo Locations:

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Requires ample water with good drainage. Unripe berries, leaves and roots are said to be poisonous.

Native to Western North America.

Family: Adoxaceae

Additional Common Names

RED COASTAL ELDERBERRY, ALPINE ELDERBERRY

Tree Characteristics

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 5 - 10 feet.

Width: 5 - 10 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Light Green, Bronze or Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Cream or White. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Prolific, Red Berry, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall, Winter or Summer.

Bark Dark Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Wet Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones A2, A3, 1 - 6.

USDA Hardiness Zones 3 - 7.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Wet to Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Neutral Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Moderate Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot. Susceptible to Root Rot and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Weak.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

Allergy and Poisonous Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds.

Special Uses & Values

Riparian or Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Sambucus racemosa Tree Record." 1995-2020. Apr 6, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/sambucus-racemosa >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.