SelecTree: Tree Detail

Schinus molle

Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle Schinus molle

Photo Locations: Cal Poly Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA, San Juan Bautista, CA and Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA

General Notes

Tolerates saline soil and smog. Susceptible to Texas root rot, especially in desert. Pink/red berries are used and sold as pink peppercorns in culinary realms and often blended with commercial pepper. Can be used as an antispetic/antibacterial agent in traditional medicine and as a textile dye.

WRA score 10, NA; Cal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council) classifies the invasiveness of this plant as limited.

Has fragrant Flower and Fruit.

Native to South America.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

A Schinus molle in San Juan Capistrano is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 57 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 367 inches and a crown spread of 72 feet.

Family: Anacardiaceae

Additional Common Names


Tree Characteristics

Spreading or Weeping High Canopy and Extensive Area.

Rounded or Spreading Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 25 - 50 feet.

Width: 25 - 40 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd with Lanceolate Leaflets, Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Fragrant Yellow or White. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Prolific, Rose to Red Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.

Bark Light Green or Red Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit, Leaves and Twigs.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 8, 9 and 12 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Psyllid, Scales and Thrip, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as High.

Allergy and Irritant Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Bees.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values


Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Schinus molle Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jul 11, 2020.
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SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI