SelecTree: Tree Detail
CHILEAN PEPPER TREE
Photo Locations: San Francisco, CA and San Luis Obispo, CA
General NotesHas spines at the end of the shoots.
Dispersed by birds and occasionally reseeds.
Native to Southern South America.
Trees may be referred to as male or female.
Additional Common Names
CHILEAN PEPPER TREE, Hardee peppertree
Spreading with a High Canopy.
Oval or Vase Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 10 - 25 feet.
Width: 25 feet.
Growth Rate: 24 or More Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Oblanceolate, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Yellow or White. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.
Prolific, Dark Purple Drupe, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall or Winter Wildlife use it.
Bark Gray to Reddish Brown, Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit, Leaves and Twigs.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
USDA Hardiness Zones 8 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Moist to Dry Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak
Root Damage Potential Rated as High.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Schinus polygamus Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 21, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/schinus-polygamus >