SelecTree: Tree Detail

BRAZILIAN PEPPER
Schinus terebinthifolius

Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius Schinus terebinthifolius

Photo Locations: Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, Cal Poly State University - San Luis Obispo, CA and The National Arboretum - Washington, DC

General Notes

Can be trained as a multi-trunked tree. Dried berries are used for decorations. Blooms February-November. Produces berries in winter. Requires a moderate amount of water. Hardy to 20 degrees F.

Cal-IPC (California Invasive Plant Council) classifies the invasiveness of this plant as limited.

Native to South America.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Anacardiaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 15 - 30 feet.

Width: 15 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd with Oblong Leaflets, Glossy Dark Green, No Change, Evergreen.

White. Flowers in Summer. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Red Drupe, Very Small (Under 0.25 inches), fruiting in Fall Wildlife use it.

Bark Light Green or Light Gray, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 13 - 17 and 19 - 24; H1, H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Scales, Armillaria, Root Rot and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy and Irritant Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Moderate.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Wildlife use Fruit.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Schinus terebinthifolius Tree Record." 1995-2018. May 22, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/schinus-terebinthifolius >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI