SelecTree: Tree Detail

AFRICAN TULIP TREE
Spathodea campanulata

Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata Spathodea campanulata

Photo Locations: Kona, HI, Balboa Park - San Diego, CA, UC Santa Barbara - Santa Barbara, CA, San Diego State University, CA, Quail Botanical Gardens - Encinitas, CA, Newport Beach, CA and Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA

General Notes

This plant is weedy. We do not recommend planting it in Hawai’i.

The African tulip tree is the only species in its genus. It is grown in tropical countries worldwide and has become invasive in many areas, including Hawai’i, where non-native birds readily pollinate the flowers. The wind-dispersed seeds germinate readily and naturalize in low elevation, wetter areas throughout the Islands. This species has been cultivated ornamentally and in forestry for over a hundred years in Hawai’i. Further planting of African tulip tree should be avoided. Spathodea campanulata has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 14 (High Risk).

Native to Tropical Africa.

Family: Bignoniaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.

Rounded Shape.

Has Partly Deciduous foliage.

Height: 40 - 80 feet.

Width: 30 - 60 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Pinnately Compound with Oval Leaflets, Green, No Change, Partly Deciduous.

Flowers Showy. Orange or Red. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Brown Capsule, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer.

Bark Dark Gray or Light Gray, Furrowed, Rough or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 21 - 24; H1. H2.

USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Neutral to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Medium in South Coast.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Invasive Shot Hole Borer.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

None Known Health Hazard.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Spathodea campanulata Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 9, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/spathodea-campanulata >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI