SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Ho'omaluhia Botanical Garden - Kaneohe, HI and Kona, HI
Mountain apple or ‘ohi’a ‘ai is a culturally important plant that was first introduced to the Hawaiian Islands by Polynesian settlers. The fruit can be eaten raw or cooked, the astringent bark has medicinal properties, and the fine-grained wood can be used for carving. A reddish-brown dye for making patterns on tapa bark cloth can be processed from the bark and the root. Syzygium malaccense has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 0 (Low Risk), and the Plant Pono link is: https://plantpono.org/pono-plants/syzygium-malaccense/
Native to Malay Archipelago to Australia.
Additional Common Names
MOUNTAIN APPLE, `OHI`A `AI, MALAY ROSE APPLE, MALAY APPLE, ROSE APPLE, OTAHEITE APPLE, PINK SATIN-ASH, POMMERAC, MOUNTAIN APPLE, MALAY APPLE, OHIA AI
Erect with a High Canopy.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 40 - 60 feet.
Width: 20 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Oval, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Showy. Red or Pink. Flowers in Spring or Fall. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Prolific, Red Berry, Large to Very Large (1.50 to 3.00 or more inches), fruiting in Spring or Fall Edible and Wildlife use it.
Bark Brown, Rough or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Flowers and Wet Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 12.
Exposure Full Sun.
Wet to Moist Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate.
Seaside Tolerance is Medium.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Scales.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Desirable Wildlife Plant.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Wildlife use Fruit.
Special Uses & Values
Shade Tree, Flowering Tree, Street Tree, Large Planter.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Syzygium malaccense Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/syzygium-malaccense >