SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Kona, HI and Foster Botanical Garden - Honolulu, HI
Tamarind is an economically useful tree that is also grown for its ornamental value. The fruit pulp contains sugar and citric acids and is rich in minerals and B vitamins. It has long been used medicinally and, is used for flavoring, candies, curries, drinks, and sauces, especially Worcester sauce. The hardwood lumber is used to make furniture, carvings, chopping blocks, and other small specialty wood items. The tree is slow-growing, drought-tolerant, and somewhat resistant to salt spray. Tamarindus indica has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of -3 (Low Risk).
Native to Tropical Africa.
Previously listed in the Leguminosae family.
Rounded or Vase Shape.
Has Evergreen foliage.
Height: 40 - 60 feet.
Width: 40 - 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year.
Leaves Pinnately Compound, Green, No Change, Evergreen.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Red or Yellow. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Persistent, Brown Legume, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches) Edible.
Bark Brown, Rough.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense to Very Dense in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 10 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Wet but Well Drained Soil.
Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Special Uses & Values
Specimen, Shade Tree, Buffer Strip or Street Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Tamarindus indica Tree Record." 1995-2021. May 13, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/tamarindus-indica >