SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Hilo, Kona, HI and Foster Botanical Garden - Honolulu, HI
There are nearly 200 species of Terminalia throughout the tropics, and T. catappa, which is native to Indonesia and Malaysia, is now naturalized in tropical coastal areas throughout the world. The woody, almond-shaped fruits can be dispersed by ocean currents and germinate readily on beaches and coastal strands. False kamani is used as an ornamental tree, the reddish-brown wood has been used to make canoes, a dye is harvested from the fruit husks, and tannins from the bark and leaves are have been used in tanning. The seeds are also edible. Branches droop and are susceptible to breakage.Terminalia catappa has a HPWRA (Hawai'i Pacific Weed Risk Assessment) score of 4 (Evaluate).
Native to Tropical Asia, Africa, and Australia.
Additional Common Names
TROPICAL ALMOND, INDIA ALMOND, FALSE KAMANI, KAMANI HAOLE, KAMANI ULA
Has Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 30 - 45 feet.
Width: 35 - 50 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 36 Inches per Year.
Leaves Elliptic to Obovate, Green, Red or Purple or Bronze, Partly Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. green. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Brown Drupe, Medium to Large (0.50 - 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall.
Bark Brown, Scaly.
Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Low in Leaf.
Litter Issue is Fruit and Leaves.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones H1, H2.
USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.
Exposure Full Sun.
Well Drained Soil.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Acidic to Alkaline Soil pH.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Leaf Spot.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.
Special Uses & Values
Specimen, Shade Tree, Buffer Strip or Street Tree.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Terminalia catappa Tree Record." 1995-2020. Aug 14, 2020.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/terminalia-catappa >