SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Longwood Gardens - Kennette Square, PA, The Morton Arboretum - Lisle, IL, Portland, OR, Red Butte Garden - Salt Lake City, UT, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
May become chlorotic in alkaline soil. Lemon fall color. Varieties include 'Chancellor', 'Glenleven', 'Greenspire', 'June Bride' and 'Olympic'.
Has fragrant Flower.
Native to Europe and Western Asia.
Erect or Spreading with a High Canopy.
Conical, Rounded or Spreading Shape.
Has Deciduous foliage.
Height: 30 - 50 feet.
Width: 15 - 30 feet.
Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Round with Cordate base, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.
Flowers Showy. Fragrant Yellow or White. Flowers in Summer. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).
Gray or Mostly Green Capsule, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall.
Bark Light Gray, Fissured.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate to Dense in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Dense out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 1 - 17.
USDA Hardiness Zones 4 - 8.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Resistant to Verticillium. Susceptible to Aphids, Root Rot, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium.
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Attracts Birds and Bees.
Special Uses & Values
Pleached or Pollarding.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Tilia cordata Tree Record." 1995-2021. May 14, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/tilia-cordata >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI