SelecTree: Tree Detail
Photo Locations: Beverly Hills, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, Cal Poly State University Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA
Susceptible to Texas root rot in desert. Has same problems as other elms but not as extensively. Susceptible to Dutch Elm Disease, but relatively few pests and diseases compared to other elms.
Native to China, Japan, North Korea, and Vietnam.
Additional Common Names
CHINESE ELM, CHINESE EVERGREEN ELM, Lacebark Elm
Erect, Spreading or Weeping and requires ample growing space.
Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.
Has Evergreen to Partly Deciduous foliage.
Height: 40 - 60 feet.
Width: 50 - 70 feet.
Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year.
Longevity 50 to 150 years.
Leaves Elliptic to Ovate, Glossy Dark Green, Bronze or Gold, Evergreen to Partly Deciduous.
Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Summer or Fall. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).
Brown or Mostly Green Winged Seed, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall.
Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray, Orange, Red Brown or Multicolored, Exfoliating, Mottled or Smooth.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.
Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.
Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.
Tree Site Conditions & Constraints
Sunset Zones 3 - 24.
USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 9.
Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.
Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.
Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.
Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.
Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.
Pests & Disease Information
Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers, Beetle Leaves, Caterpillars and Scales, Dutch Elm Disease, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.
Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns
Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak to Medium
Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.
Allergy Health Hazard.
Biogenic Emissions considered Low.
Fire Resistance is Favorable.
Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ulmus parvifolia Tree Record." 1995-2019. Nov 22, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ulmus-parvifolia >
SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI