SelecTree: Tree Detail

CHINESE ELM
Ulmus parvifolia

Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia Ulmus parvifolia

Photo Locations: Beverly Hills, CA, Los Angeles County Arboretum - Arcadia, CA, Cal Poly State University Campus - San Luis Obispo, CA, The National Arboretum - Washington, DC, Finch Arboretum - Spokane, WA and Arnold Arboretum - Boston, MA

General Notes

Susceptible to Texas root rot in desert. Has same problems as other elms but not as extensively. Susceptible to Dutch Elm Disease, but relatively few pests and diseases compared to other elms.

Native to China, Japan, North Korea, and Vietnam.

Family: Ulmaceae

Additional Common Names

CHINESE ELM, CHINESE EVERGREEN ELM, Lacebark Elm

Tree Characteristics

Erect, Spreading or Weeping and requires ample growing space.

Oval, Rounded or Umbrella Shape.

Has Evergreen to Partly Deciduous foliage.

Height: 40 - 60 feet.

Width: 50 - 70 feet.

Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Elliptic to Ovate, Glossy Dark Green, Bronze or Gold, Evergreen to Partly Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Flowers in Summer or Fall. Has separate male and female flowers on the same tree (monoecious).

Brown or Mostly Green Winged Seed, Small (0.25 - 0.50 inches), fruiting in Fall.

Bark Dark Gray, Light Gray, Orange, Red Brown or Multicolored, Exfoliating, Mottled or Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Moderate out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 3 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 5 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Moderate on Coast.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Susceptible to Aphids, Beetle Borers, Beetle Leaves, Caterpillars and Scales, Dutch Elm Disease, Armillaria, Phytophthora, Root Rot, Sooty Mold and Verticillium.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium Weak to Medium

Root Damage Potential Rated as Moderate.

Allergy Health Hazard.

Biogenic Emissions considered Low.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ulmus parvifolia Tree Record." 1995-2019. Sep 17, 2019.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ulmus-parvifolia >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI