SelecTree: Tree Detail

JOSHUA TREE
Yucca brevifolia

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Photo Locations: Mohave Desert, CA, Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden - Claremont, CA and Tilden Regional Parks Botanic Garden - Berkeley, CA

General Notes

Likes dry, well-drained soil. Flowers are pollinated by the Pronuba Moth, which lays its eggs in the ovary of the yucca flowers.

Native to Southwestern United States.

A Yucca brevifolia in Mojave National Preserve is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 38 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 82 inches and a crown spread of 21 feet.

Family: Agavaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect with a Low Canopy.

Sword Palm Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 15 - 25 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.

Leaves Lanceolate, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. Green or White. Flowers in Spring or Winter. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Brown, Red or Mostly Green Capsule, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Spring or Summer.

Bark Light Gray or Red Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers and Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 8 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium to Medium Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

None Known Health Hazard.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Yucca brevifolia Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jun 23, 2018.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/yucca-brevifolia >

SelecTree Nursery Connection Map
Cal Poly / ESRI