SelecTree: Tree Detail

Yucca schidigera

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Photo Locations: Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA

General Notes

Likes dry, well-drained soil on rocky desert slopes and flats. Related to Banana Yucca (Y. baccata).  Flowers are pollinated by the Pronuba Moth, which lays its eggs in the ovary of the yucca flowers. Leaf fibers are used for making baskets, nets and bow-strings.

Native to California and Southwestern United States.

A Yucca schidigera in Mojave National Preserve is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 28 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 63 inches and a crown spread of 6 feet.

Family: Agavaceae


Yucca mohavensis
Sarcoyucca mohavensis

Additional Common Names


Tree Characteristics

Erect with a Low Canopy.

Sword Palm Shape.

Has Evergreen foliage.

Height: 3 - 15 feet.

Width: 3 - 5 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years or more.

Leaves Lanceolate, Medium Green, No Change, Evergreen.

Flowers Showy. Purplish White. Flowers in Spring. Has perfect flowers (male and female parts in each flower).

Brown, Red or Mostly Green Capsule, Very Large (Over 3.00 inches), fruiting in Summer.

Bark Grayish Brown, Fissured.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low in Leaf.

Litter Issue is Flowers and Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 7 - 16 and 18 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 9 - 11.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Slightly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Pests & Disease Information

Resistant to Texas Root Rot.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium to Medium Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

None Known Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Unfavorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Birds and Butterflies.

Special Uses & Values


Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Yucca schidigera Tree Record." 1995-2020. Jan 27, 2020.
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