SelecTree: Tree Detail

Zanthoxylum piperitum

Zanthoxylum piperitum Zanthoxylum piperitum Zanthoxylum piperitum Zanthoxylum piperitum

Photo Locations: The National Arboretum - Washington, DC

General Notes

Utility Friendly Tree Utility friendly tree.

Used for seasoning.

Has fragrant Bark and Fruit.

Has thorns.

Native to Japan, China, and Korea.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Rutaceae

Tree Characteristics

Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy.

Oval Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 10 - 20 feet.

Width: 10 - 20 feet.

Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity Less than 50 years.

Leaves Pinnately Compound Odd, Medium to Dark Green, Gold, Deciduous.

Flowers Inconspicuous. Green.. Has either male or female flowers (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Red Follicle, fruiting in Fall.

Bark Red Brown, Smooth.

Shading Capacity Rated as Dense in Leaf.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 6 - 9 and 14 - 17.

USDA Hardiness Zones 6 - 9.

Exposure Full Sun.

Moist Soil.

Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Slightly Alkaline Soil pH.

Seaside Tolerance is Good in Mild Zone.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Medium.

None Known Health Hazard.

Special Uses & Values


Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Zanthoxylum piperitum Tree Record." 1995-2018. Jun 24, 2018.
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This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at