SelecTree: Tree Detail

CHINESE JUJUBE
Ziziphus jujuba

Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba Ziziphus jujuba

Photo Locations: University of Arizona - Tucson, AZ and San Diego Botanic Garden - Encinitas, CA

General Notes

Grows but does not fruit well in Zone 17. Dried fruit is used in oriental cooking. Two fruit varieties are 'Lang' and 'Li'.  Tolerates saline and alkaline soils.

Has fragrant Flower.

Has thorns.

Native to China.

Trees may be referred to as male or female.

Family: Rhamnaceae

Additional Common Names

CHINESE JUJUBE, CHINESE DATE, RED DATE

Tree Characteristics

Erect, Spreading or Weeping with a Low Canopy.

Rounded, Spreading or Vase Shape.

Has Deciduous foliage.

Height: 15 - 30 feet.

Width: 10 - 30 feet.

Growth Rate: 12 to 24 Inches per Year.

Longevity 50 to 150 years.

Leaves Oval to Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous.

Fragrant Green or Yellow. Flowers in Spring or Summer. Has either male or female reproductive parts (dioecious). Trees may be sold as male or female.

Brown Drupe, Medium (0.50 - 1.50 inches), fruiting in Summer or Fall Edible.

Bark Dark Brown, Blocky, Furrowed or Scaly.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Dense in Leaf.

Shading Capacity Rated as Low to Moderately Dense out of Leaf.

Litter Issue is Dry Fruit.

Tree Site Conditions & Constraints

Sunset Zones 6 - 16 and 18 - 24.

USDA Hardiness Zones 7 - 10.

Exposure Full Sun to Partial Shade.

Moist to Dry Soil.

Drought tolerant.

Clay, Loam or Sand Texture.

Highly Acidic to Highly Alkaline Soil pH.

Salinity Tolerance is Good Inland.

Seaside Tolerance is Good to Medium in South Coast.

Health, Safety & Environmental Concerns

Branch Strength Rated as Strong.

Root Damage Potential Rated as Low.

None Known Health Hazard.

Fire Resistance is Favorable.

Desirable Wildlife Plant.

Attracts Bees, Butterflies, and Birds.

Special Uses & Values

Screen.

Cite this tree:
SelecTree. "Ziziphus jujuba Tree Record." 1995-2021. Apr 12, 2021.
< https://selectree.calpoly.edu/tree-detail/ziziphus-jujuba >

This tree is not part of the SelecTree Nursery Connection. If you would like to see this tree listed, or know of a nursery that sells it, please contact us at ufei@calpoly.edu.